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  1. Industrial sociology - Wikipedia
  2. Industrial Sociology
  3. Industrial Sociology
  4. The Sociology of Work: From Industrial Sociology to Work, Employment and the Economy

I NDUSTRIAL sociology is a field of applied sociology, and has grown mainly out of interests in such issues as productivity, motivation, and unionization. In many. Gathering information for planning and process. Evaluation of progress in society . Proposing different method of change. Dealing with issues of population or. PDF | The study of national development occupies a seemingly contradictory, but nonetheless possibly true position within industrial sociology.

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Industrial Sociology Pdf

UNIT–1: Introduction to Industrial Sociology. 1– What is Industry? 2. Means of Sociology. 2. Meaning of Industrial Sociology. 2. Scope of Industrial Sociology. many of them regard industrial sociology as largely a development in practically- oriented research with little relation to the major body of sociological theory. INDUSTRIAL SOCIOLOGY IN PRACTICE. Stephen Wood. Industrial sociology provides an interesting case study for the question of the relevance, application.

Such a story has been increasingly contested since that time, reflecting the rise of the third main analytical approach, that shaped by postmodernism. I therefore begin at the end, outlining the nature of the dispute and then reviewing the historical record in light of it. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. I am very grateful to Duncan Gallie for comments on a previous draft. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Preview Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Bibliography Armstrong, P. London: Tavistock. Google Scholar Baldry, C. Basingstoke: Palgrave. Cambridge: Polity. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Google Scholar Blackburn, R.

Thus task of industrial sociology is to select and study its social elements even when they are combined or interacting with other realties. Industrial Sociology is concerned with industry as social system. Factors like technical, economic, political affect structure and working of the system. In view of these factors playing great role, study of industrial sociology assumes much importance. Lawyers are imported by collective bargainer, i. But none considers the group industry and its functions in society as a constituent unit of integrity.

Yet the group has an impulse to self-preservation as, or stronger than that of an individual and many industrial strikes are actually symptomatic of the attempt of group to hold together. Economist, psychologist, physiologist, all ignore the fact that complex group association is the distinguishing character of human beings.

Personnel Administration and Social Welfare Industrial Sociology has considerably widened its scope but its method and approach remain essentially same. The social sciences especially psychology, economies and sociology provide tools to correct deficiencies and improve society and the practical social sciences, among which social welfare is prominent, apply them.

Personnel Management or Personnel Administration, of which industrial social welfare is a part, is mainly the application of social sciences to the human problems of industry. That is the reason personnel manager of any industry is supposed to have adequate knowledge of sociology, psychology, economics etc. If personnel man is trained psychologist or sociologist, he will definitely be more successful in his job.

Social Relations In modern times, we have discovered to realise that industry itself, which originally was considered to be only economic or technical organisation, is eminently a social organisation, or institution devoted to the production and marketing of goods and services. Thus the importance of social sciences in general and sociology in particular is understood. Sociology, therefore, is concerned with social relations in industry and their influence on industrial phenomena like productivity, morale, attitude, functional authority etc.

These social relations in industry may be internal or external. Internal relations are those existing within industry itself concerning management, operations or both, whereas external relations are between industry and outside bodies as government, community, educational institution etc. The internal relations, which are more important in industry to take mission forward, are further divided into formal, informal and mixed categories.

Formal relations immediately arise from performance of ones approved duties to the organisation, may be managerial or operational depending upon whether these are proper to the management or workmen or operations. Popularly known as Industrial Relations, they literally go more extensively. Informal relations spontaneously arise everywhere in industry. Though hardly ever officially regulated, they are ordinarily sustained by common rules of ethics and customs.

Informal relations may exist among individuals as when two or more workmen criticise or grumble against their supervisor, agree to play cards, interaction between different groups or individuals such as trade union groups.

Like unions and associations of all banks came together to form United Banks Federation or union of workmen from same village, or aggrieved workmen who temporarily unite to protect their own interest and have their complaints heard.

When matter is taken up with grievance committee, their informal relations become formal relations. The informal relations in nuclear groups and clique, though informal, are more or less defined and stable. They may be seen at all levels of industry, office workers, managers etc. Mixed relations, also described by social scientists as socio-technical relationship, play great roles in the industry.

Arising out of discharge of ones duties which may be of managerial or technical nature, mixed relations are also called socio-functional. While instructing a trainee on the job, trainer cracks joke or drops some pleasantries, commenting like lazy-bones, sociofunctional relations are developed.

No industry can exist and thrive without taking external relations into consideration. Growing in importance, external relations are given due weightage and so Public Relations Officers PROs are appointed. Here key words are Industry and Society. Industry, part of society, is the application of complex and varied methods for the production of economic goods and services, that is application of tools for economic production. As man is endowed with intelligence, he has always been an industrial being, homo industrialis.

As manifest in society, sociological approach to industry consists in the study of social relationships, groups, institutions, behaviour of man in group of men, in isolation affecting the outcome. Industrial Psychology differs from Industry Sociology as former is individual-oriented but latter is group oriented. However, combination of both sciences results in Social Psychology of Industry or Industrial PsychoSociology depending upon emphasis given to psychological or sociological behaviour of men.

Economics is an important connector in all social sciences in industry as all activities are carried out by men together or alone. Industrial Sociology is a specialised subject and is distinct from disciplines as industrial or social welfare or personnel management which are concerned with practical problems of industry.

Industrial Sociology has paved the way for the development of these disciplines and now help one another, that is, from theory to practice or practice to theory, i. Various types of social relations in industry, as charted earlier, particularly formal and informal relations play great roles in development of industry. Both soft touch and hard touch are needed in the administration of industry and many times on the spot decision based on established norms of industry are needed.

Following benefits increase the significance of Industrial Sociology: 1. Use of Scientific Methods Industrial Sociology acquires great significance in view of scientific methods adopted to study. Industrial development in any nation became a key factor in deciding the progress of that nation. As science helped in industrial development, the systematic knowledge acquired using scientific methods human behaviour became very handy.

Thus industrial sociology as a subject of study gained currency. Various institutions dealing with industrial society, its social control, social dynamics, social change, problems and their remedies came up and thereby widened the scope of industrial sociology. It would not be exaggeration to say that without knowledge of industrial sociology industrial progress could not have been achieved.

The importance of industrial sociology made the premise of setting up Tata Institute of Social Sciences in Mumbai. Understanding the Social Aspect of Industry The orderly movement of things based on certain rules takes any work to logical conclusion. That is the importance of science and that is why it is called specialised knowledge In Hindi language, Science means Vigyan, that is vishesh gyan or specialised knowledge.

To gauge the development of any nation, the position of its industries plays a great role. The contribution of industries to the well-being of citizens of its country and humanity at large has become now predominant in the index of development of any nation. Industrial Sociology has added new dimension to the knowledge of humanity. The workmen, who do work, UNIT 1 relationship, scientific knowledge helps. All round progress of mankind depends upon moving up the ladder of Maslows hierarchy of needs, i.

So called labour class, workmen are to be trained, taught and toughened so that they become finest craftsmen. The social strata, importance of roles and problems of workmen are to be addressed in such a way that there ever remains cordial industrial relations and industrial peace should bring development in industries.

Solutions from Industrial Society to the Problems of Industry Based on knowledge and experience people are employed in industries leading to formation of various layers taking care of different job roles and responsibilities. Industrial Revolution gave birth to industries which were organised to achieve its objectives. Job roles decided expertise, division of labour and degree of responsibility and thus created vertical and horizontal set up in the organisation.

Occupation hazards are associated with industries which require matching counter balance in the form of money, perks, glamour and other welfare measures. As workmen, supervisors, executives, policymakers are associated with any industry, a stratum is formed which gives feeling of differentiation, status-consciousness, inferiority-superiority complex etc.

Industrial Relations Industrial relations play vital role in development of industries in any country. The management policies, its objective, long-term and short-term goals decide its working environment.

In-short, we can say the mission and vision of any company in theory and practice speak about the company. The relationship between workman and management has to be harmonious for industrial rest and once that is there, industrial progress is bound to happen.

Industrial sociology - Wikipedia

Production has to multiply. The production coupled with quality is the need for growth of any industry. Industrial Sociology helps in achievement of this objective. Important factors playing great roles in good industrial relations are rates of wages, working conditions, welfare measures, recruitment policy, job-security etc. Welfare measures are widely covered under the heading of food, cloth and house roti, kapda aur makan.

Industrial Sociology is gaining importance due to its role played in taking care of all these discussed matters. Mutual trust, sense of belonging, feeling of ownership, team spirit are knitting social industrial fabric which ultimately result into higher quality production and give sustenance and thus growth is achieved. Initial steps of ladder of hierarchy of needs of Maslow viz. Division of Labour Every one cannot do everything. In India, caste system worked well earlier.

In fact, people were easily adopting family profession.

Industrial Sociology

However, with good progress in education people started coming out of family business. The sharpening of mind, learning skills of others profession and zeal and zest make people go for the occupation which make them happy. Doing what you like is freedom, liking what you do is happiness. Not by design but by default, industrial progress caused mingling particularly in industrial society.

Thus caste-system is being eliminated and division of labour is made based on certain other factors viz. Now scientific division of labour in industry demands good knowledge as per profession. Here, role of industrial sociology comes to play. Economic Planning After India gained freedom, the progress of nation was to be carried out on solid foundations and thus it adopted Five-Year Plan growth approach.

Called temples of modern India by first Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru, industrial growth was aimed in five-year plan to solve many problems arisen mainly out of population.

Illiteracy, low level of wages, corruption, lack of trained people and professional approach are some of the problems which require intervention of industrial sociologists. Industrial Automation Industrial revolution came with onset of mechanisation. The increased requirements of people necessitated invention of steam engine to mechanise processes such as cloth weaving in England.

More automation means less manual work and in turn less employment. It gave more profits to industrialists and so more automation was opposed by workmens unions. Here role of industrial sociologist brings solution to the dispute. Industrial Management Industrial management requires scientific approach to take care of turnover, sustenance of activity, quality and other variable factors.

Human approach is given in industrial management where all elements of production are most efficiently employed without any exploitation. Integration of Family The unit of any society is family which requires special attention. Any disturbance caused due to any social evil such as alcoholism, insufficient housing, bad recreation, uncontrolled media, print as well as electronic would disorganise industrial society in particular.

Disintegration of family is bound to happen. From French industrie or Latin industria. Sociology The Science. To get his daily breads. To shine.

Industrial Sociology

From food gatherer to food producer. Coming together and start living in a group. Society itself consists in the web of social relationships with the combinations and complexities arising from them. Though physically present in college. Miller and W. Smith has defined the field of Industrial Sociology as the study of social relations in industrial and organisational setting and the way these relations influence and are influenced by relations in the wider community.

Spaulding 6. Industrial Sociology. But we must give emphasis to the sociological aspect or social element that manifests itself in industry. New York 3. Brown R. Child and Smith The Sociology of Industry. But now ideas have greatly changed in this respect and today not only are these sciences becoming more specialised and objective but their fields of collaboration and mutual support are also expanding rapidly. Not merely concerned with general sociological concepts. Industrial Sociology stresses.

It is the concern of everyone. Thus task of industrial sociology is to select and study its social elements even when they are combined or interacting with other realties. Parents are unhappy about the behaviour of their children. Here study of Psychology plays great role paving the way for Sociology and Economics. Industrial Sociology is concerned with industry as social system.

When Kumar quarrels with his tool. Psychology has much affinity with sociology. Mutual awareness or reciprocity is what characterises social reality and distinguishes it from other sciences. In view of these factors playing great role. Industrial Psychology deals mostly with individual and personal behaviour and problems. But when Kumar is fired by supervisor Vishnu. Economics is mainly concerned with the traditional activities of production..

Factors like technical. Organisational Sociology is the latest branch of Sociology which is closely related to Industrial Sociology. Though communication or motivation is common to both disciplines of Industrial Psychology and Industrial Sociology. Personnel Management or Personnel Administration. Internal relations are those existing within industry itself concerning management. The social sciences especially psychology. Physiologist thinks in terms of fatigue and nutrition. These social relations in industry may be internal or external.

Social Relations In modern times. That is the reason personnel manager of any industry is supposed to have adequate knowledge of sociology. But none considers the group industry and its functions in society as a constituent unit of integrity. Lawyers are imported by collective bargainer.

Formal relations may also be statutory or sanctioned by law or custom or those implied in collective bargaining.

If personnel man is trained psychologist or sociologist. The internal relations. Personnel Administration and Social Welfare Industrial Sociology has considerably widened its scope but its method and approach remain essentially same. Psychologist speaks of vocational guidance and tests.

Yet the group has an impulse to self-preservation as.. Thus the importance of social sciences in general and sociology in particular is understood. While instructing a trainee on the job. No industry can exist and thrive without taking external relations into consideration.

Mixed relations. They may be seen at all levels of industry. Like unions and associations of all banks came together to form United Banks Federation or union of workmen from same village. Growing in importance. When matter is taken up with grievance committee. Informal relations spontaneously arise everywhere in industry.

The informal relations in nuclear groups and clique. Popularly known as Industrial Relations. Informal relations may exist among individuals as when two or more workmen criticise or grumble against their supervisor.

Though hardly ever officially regulated. Various types of social relations in industry. Use of Scientific Methods Industrial Sociology acquires great significance in view of scientific methods adopted to study. Industrial Sociology has paved the way for the development of these disciplines and now help one another.

Economics is an important connector in all social sciences in industry as all activities are carried out by men together or alone. To understand it by establishing cause-effect. Industrial Sociology is a specialised subject and is distinct from disciplines as industrial or social welfare or personnel management which are concerned with practical problems of industry. As manifest in society. Following benefits increase the significance of Industrial Sociology: Both soft touch and hard touch are needed in the administration of industry and many times on the spot decision based on established norms of industry are needed.

Industrial Psychology differs from Industry Sociology as former is individual-oriented but latter is group oriented. As man is endowed with intelligence. Here key words are Industry and Society. Industrial Sociology has added new dimension to the knowledge of humanity..

The workmen.

Various institutions dealing with industrial society. Industrial development in any nation became a key factor in deciding the progress of that nation. The contribution of industries to the well-being of citizens of its country and humanity at large has become now predominant in the index of development of any nation. It would not be exaggeration to say that without knowledge of industrial sociology industrial progress could not have been achieved.

The importance of industrial sociology made the premise of setting up Tata Institute of Social Sciences in Mumbai. UNIT 1 relationship. Understanding the Social Aspect of Industry The orderly movement of things based on certain rules takes any work to logical conclusion.

As science helped in industrial development. That is the importance of science and that is why it is called specialised knowledge In Hindi language. To gauge the development of any nation.

The Sociology of Work: From Industrial Sociology to Work, Employment and the Economy

Thus industrial sociology as a subject of study gained currency. Production has to multiply. Occupation hazards are associated with industries which require matching counter balance in the form of money. The relationship between workman and management has to be harmonious for industrial rest and once that is there. Industrial Sociology helps in achievement of this objective.

Important factors playing great roles in good industrial relations are rates of wages. Job roles decided expertise.

Welfare measures are widely covered under the heading of food. Industrial Relations Industrial relations play vital role in development of industries in any country. As workmen. The management policies. Mutual trust. Industrial Revolution gave birth to industries which were organised to achieve its objectives. The production coupled with quality is the need for growth of any industry. Initial steps of ladder of hierarchy of needs of Maslow viz.

Solutions from Industrial Society to the Problems of Industry Based on knowledge and experience people are employed in industries leading to formation of various layers taking care of different job roles and responsibilities. The social strata. So called labour class. Industrial Sociology is gaining importance due to its role played in taking care of all these discussed matters.

The sharpening of mind. Now scientific division of labour in industry demands good knowledge as per profession. Thus caste-system is being eliminated and division of labour is made based on certain other factors viz. More automation means less manual work and in turn less employment.

The increased requirements of people necessitated invention of steam engine to mechanise processes such as cloth weaving in England. Not by design but by default.

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